The Fuel Film.

Q: How much of the world’s oil reserves are located in OPEC countries?
A: 80% of the world’s oil reserves are located in just 13 countries which make up OPEC (the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries). Algeria, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Angola, Indonesia, Ecuador, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates.

Q: Why is the area that makes gasoline in Louisiana called “Cancer Alley?”
A: There are 150 petro-chemical facilities within 100 miles. The “fallout” (term from the EPA) from these facilities is a toxic cocktail of airborne chemicals that affects food, water and soil. Each refinery puts out hundreds of thousands of pounds of toxic chemicals. There are many studies showing links between these chemicals and the exceedingly high levels of cancer in Louisiana.

Q: What are the only three ways to dispose of the toxic waste produced by oil refineries?
A: Burn it, dump it on land, dump it in water.

Q: What is the difference in fuel economy between diesel and gasoline vehicles?
A: Diesel has better fuel economy by about 30%; avg. 24mpg for gasoline vehicles compared with avg. 45mpg for diesel.

Q: Does biodiesel contribute more to carbon emissions?
A: No, it offsets carbon emissions and also causes reductions of certain toxic compounds.

Q: What percentage of the world’s population do Americans make up and how much CO2 do Americans produce?
A: 4.5% and almost 50% of the world’s automotive CO2

Q: How much of the world’s oil do Americans consume and how much of the world’s oil reserves does America have?
A: 25% and 2%

Q: What is “runaway global warming”?
A: As the earth heats and the ice caps melt, there is more dark water and land, which absorbs more heat instead of white ice which reflects light and heat so the earth heats up faster and faster.

Q: What modifications need to be made to diesel engines in order to run on biodiesel fuel?
A: None! All diesel engines can run on biodiesel fuel with no modifications.

Q: What are the levels of toxic diesel fumes inside school buses compared with outside buses?
A: 4 times higher inside the bus than outside.

Q: For every one unit of energy put in to making gasoline, how much energy do you get?
A: Only 80%. It takes more energy to make a gallon of gasoline than that gallon of gasoline actually contains.

Q: What are the two main biofuels in the US today?
A: Ethanol made from corn for gasoline engines and biodiesel from soy for diesel engines.

Q: For every unit of energy put in to making biodiesel, how much energy do you get?
A: 3 units of energy. Production of biodiesel is energy positive.

Q: What is one way to deal with existing carbon emissions from coal and natural gas power plants?
A: Feed that carbon dioxide into algae farms to grow algae based biodiesel.

Q: What is biomass and how could it be used for fuel?
A: Biomass includes any organic material such as trees, yard clippings, hemp, construction debris, garbage, sugarcane, logging residue, and used cooking oil. These materials can be turned into biofuels.

Q: What is marginal land and how could it be used?
A: Marginal land is land that is difficult to cultivate and is not being used for food crops. This land could be used to grow biomass crops to be used for biofuels. California has 1 million acres of marginal land that could generate 5 billion gallons of biofuels per year.

Q: How much of America’s electricity could be generated from wind power?
A: 20%

Q: How many turbines would be needed to generate 100% of America’s electricity?
A: The base of the number of turbines it would take to generate 100% of America’s electricity would fit in the space of one coal strip mine.

Q: How much solar panel installation would be necessary to generate 100% of America’s electricity needs?
A: All of America’s electricity requirements could be met by installing solar photo-voltaic panels on just 7% of existing urban areas.

Q: What would be the benefits of plug-in hybrid cars?
A: Reduction of petroleum use by 80%.

Q: What are the advantages of a “vertical farm”?
A: It can grow food locally, make water, it can grow algae and it can even grow biodiesel and make energy – all within a city.

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